No-Equipment Exercises You Can Do Every Day to Build Upper Body Strength

Many of us know how to build lower-body strength without gym equipment. And we have plenty of at-home core exercises at the ready, too. But when it comes to upper-body workouts, we’re nothing without our dumbbells, our pull-up bars, and our weight machines. No-equipment upper-body exercises don’t come to mind as easily as crunches and squats. If we can’t make it to the gym—for whatever reason—our arms are simply doomed.

The thing is, there are actually a ton of no-equipment upper-body exercises out there. (And there are definitely too many for us to feel like we have no options.) Shoulder-tap planks and mountain climbers will work out your abs and arms in equal measure. Bear crawls are a great way to challenge yourself, especially if you have space to move around. And inchworms can act as a transition into and out of planks, making the go-to exercise just a touch more demanding.

Of course, there are a few more obvious upper-body exercises worth integrating into your rotation. Push-ups are a classic for a reason—though there are several modifications you can try to render them more interesting. Tricep dips may seem a little basic, but they can be an excellent way to build strength. And planks can be just as useful for your upper body as they are for your core—especially if you throw in some thoughtful modifications.

The good news? There are tons of no-equipment upper-body exercises worth crafting full workouts from. Do them all every day, mix-and-match a few as you see fit, or work to master just one at a time. Since they require no equipment, you can do them virtually anywhere. So once you’ve crafted a routine you love, you can take it with you no matter where you are—and no matter what fitness resources you have access to.


Push-ups are a great way to work out your arms, your chest, your back, your abs, and your legs. Though many of us are familiar with the classic exercise, a lot of us do it wrong. Start with your hands shoulder-width apart and your body lifted in a high plank. Then, bend your arms so that your elbows are at a 45-degree angle from your body. (That means they aren’t totally parallel to your body, and they aren’t splayed all the way out either—they’re somewhere in between.) Make sure to engage your core and glutes so that your body stays in a straight line as you push up and down.

If push-ups aren’t manageable for you, don’t sweat it. Lower your knees to the ground and try a push-up from there. If you want to make things more challenging (or just challenging in a different way), you can adjust the position of your hands. Widening your stance so that your hands are a little farther than shoulder-width apart will offer a different workout than a standard push-up, and walking your hands together to form a small triangle under your chest will too.

Shoulder-Tap Planks

Planks are a go-to core exercise, but they can offer a great arm workout, too. To keep the focus on building upper-body strength, try trading classic planks for shoulder-tap planks. Start in a standard plank (on your hands, not your forearms), then brace your core as you lift your right hand up to touch your left shoulder. Once you’ve tapped your shoulder, put your right hand back down to support your plank, and then lift your left hand up to touch your right shoulder. Keep alternating your shoulder taps until you feel adequately challenged.

If shoulder-tap planks are too much for you, try building upper-body strength through a standard plank (or come down onto your forearms for a forearm plank). If you want to up the ante, try a full-on side plank. Start in a standard plank, then turn onto your right side, so that your left foot is stacked on top of your right foot. From there, lift your left arm straight up into the air, so that only your right arm, your core, and your stacked feet are supporting you. Do a static hold until you feel adequately challenged, and then, repeat this on the other side.


Though you may not have heard of the “superman” before, you’ve likely seen it—or even attempted something like it. Start by lying down, facing the floor. Your arms should be stretched out straight in front of you, and your legs should be stretched out straight behind you. From there, engage your core to lift up your front body and your feet. This should build strength in your upper back.

If this feels like enough of a challenge, keep lifting up and down—and experiment with how long you can hold yourself in the air at a time. If you want to make it a little tougher, add in an arm workout. Instead of starting with your arms stretched out in front of you, start with them bent—so that your elbows are in line with your ribs and your forearms are parallel with your body. Lift up from there. Then, while elevated, stretch your arms out straight in front of you, then pull them back into their bent position, then lower back down. This should increase your time in the air, and give your arms a little bit of heat.

Tricep Dips

Tricep dips may seem a little obvious, but they’re an effective way to build tricep strength—especially in lieu of equipment. Start by sitting down with your knees bent and your feet flat on the floor in front of you. Then put your arms just behind the rest of your body. Make sure they’re about shoulder-width apart and that your hands are facing forward. From there, straight your arms until your body is lifted. (When elevated, your body should look like the letter M.) Then, bend your arms to lower your butt to the ground, and then straighten them to lift yourself back up. Keep going until you feel appropriately challenged. (This one might require more reps than some of the others.)

If this feels too easy, experiment with elevating your tricep dips. If there’s a couch or chair nearby, you can try doing tricep dips with your hands placed on that elevated surface (rather than on the ground). This can allow you to dip a bit deeper and get more of a challenge.


The inchworm can be an annoying workout move to do on its own, but paired with push-ups or planks, it can feel incredibly challenging. Start by standing up straight. Then, bend down until your hands touch the ground. (Try to plant them shoulder-width apart.) From there, you’ll want to walk your hands forward until you’re in a high plank. Then, you’ll want to walk your hands back until you’re standing up straight again.

You can repeat this move over and over on its own, or you can use it as a transition into and out of planks and push-ups. Try inchworming your way down, doing a push-up, and inchworming your way back up. Or experiment with inchworming your way into a high plank, doing a set of shoulder taps, and then inchworming your way back up to standing straight. Since this one works so well as a segue, options abound. Feel free to get creative!

Mountain Climbers

There’s no denying it: Mountain climbers are a great way to work out your arms and abs. Start in a high plank, and make sure your hands are shoulder-width apart. Then, engage your glutes and your core as you lift one foot off the ground, bend your knee, and bring your knee in toward your chest. Then, kick it back out and re-assume your plank. Repeat this with your other foot. And keep going until you feel adequately challenged.

If you’re new to mountain climbers, you may want to take them slow. And even if you do, you’ll still get a veritably tough workout. (Just make sure to focus on the quality of your movement!) If you want to make things a bit more challenging, increase the pace until your mountain climbers feel like a bona fide cardio workout.

You can also experiment with spiderman mountain climbers. Instead of bringing your knee in toward your chest, you bring your knee around to meet your elbow. This will challenge your hips and glutes a bit more, but it won’t lend itself very well to cardio.

Bear Crawls

Bear crawls are tough. And while they’re especially great if you have room to move around, you can just as easily make them work in a more confined space. Start in a tabletop position, with your arms straight and shoulder-width apart, and with your knees touching the ground, about hip-width apart. Your feet should also be touching the ground, and your calves should form two parallel lines behind you. From there, press your toes into the ground to lift your heels and your knees off the ground.

This position can be challenging to hold—it’s basically a tabletop plank—but it’s just the beginning of this exercise. From there, crawl forward, taking a step with your right foot and your left hand, and then with your left foot and your right hand. The workout is more challenging if you move your foot and hand simultaneously, so try to do that to the best of your ability. If space is an issue, don’t crawl forward. Instead, lift your left foot and your right hand and bring them in to touch. Then do the same with your right foot and left hand.

Keep going until you feel appropriately challenged. And of course, if the bear crawl seems too intense, try a static hold of the tabletop plank.

Love a gym-free workout? Check out our favorite bodyweight workouts: 

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Can you get another job while on furlough during coronavirus crisis? – The Sun

CORONAVIRUS has forced companies across the UK to shut down leaving millions placed on furlough – but can you still work at the same time?

Under furlough, workers who can't work due to firms being closed or having to look after children are paid 80 per cent of their earnings up to £2,500 a month.

⚠️ Read our coronavirus live blog for the latest news & updates

These scheme went live on April 20 but pay is backdated to March 1 and the government has promised support will continue until at least October – although the amount paid by the government is expected to be cut from August.

An announcement on the future of the scheme is due later today (May 29).

But for those who want more security, can you find another job while on furlough? Here's what you need to know.

Can I still work for my employer while I'm on furlough?

If your employer chooses to place you on furlough, you will need to remain on furlough for a minimum of three consecutive weeks.

While on furlough, you can't currently work for the employer that has furloughed you.

This means your employer also cannot ask you to do work for another linked or associated company.

But the government is thought to be looking at this, and may allow furloughed workers to work for the same company part-time in future with a smaller subsidy from the public purse.

An announcement on the future of furlough is expected to be made by chancellor Rishi Sunak today.

In the meantime, the government says you can undertake training required by your employer, subject to public health guidance.

Workers must be paid as standard to do required training, so if this ends up costing more than the 80 per cent of their wage that will be subsidised by the government, employers need to foot the bill for the rest.

Your employer can still make you redundant while you’re on furlough or afterwards.

If you're struggling, you may also be eligible for support through the welfare system including Universal Credit.

You can read more about what furlough means here, and when you'll be paid if you've been furloughed here.

Can I work for someone else while on furlough?

Technically you can get another job while on furlough – as long as your boss doesn't mind.

That's because being on furlough means you are still employed under contract by your employer, which means you could be in breach of contract if you do accept a new role.

But if you do want to take on some temporary work, you should contact your HR department or boss to see if the terms of your contract can be re-negotiated to allow you to do so.

Some of the millions of Britons on furlough have been asked to take a second job picking fruit and vegetables.

Thousands have already signed up to the Feed the Nation scheme, many of them with no previous experience of agricultural work.

They are in highest demand in key farming regions including Kent, Worcestershire and the East of Scotland.

But fruit-picking is just one of many jobs where workers are urgently needed to keep the country ticking over so the rest of us can stay at home and heed the health advice.

Packers, postal workers, delivery drivers, shelf-stackers and warehouse staff are among the most in-demand.

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When you eat deli meats every day, this happens to your body

Deli meats might be a go-to protein in your diet, but are they healthy? While some leaner meats are low-calorie, others are laden with saturated fat, as noted by Livestrong. And regardless of their nutritional content, all lunch meats are loaded with sodium. In other words — deli meats aren’t exactly what healthy people eat for lunch. 

According to a study from the JNCI Cancer Spectrum, when consumed in excess, these large amounts of sodium can cause a lot of complicated conditions — including high blood pressure, diabetes, and even cancer (via Consumer Reports). Yes, it turns out that simple sandwich you have habitually eaten for lunch day after day might not be doing you or your body any favors. Of course, this is bad news, especially considering a Consumer Reports study which found that almost half of Americans eat deli meat at least once a week. 

While delicious, there are plenty of dangers you need to know about cold cuts — and some might even inspire you to nip that deli meat addiction in the bud by going cold turkey (pun intended). Here’s a look at what happens to your body when you eat deli meats every day. 

Eating deli meats every day gives you plenty of body-fueling protein

Deli meats are definitely a convenient go-to, protein-rich food!

Whether piled on a hoagie or eaten as a snack, a cold cut makes for a super-easy and portable lunch option that packs a powerful protein punch. According to Healthline, the average sedentary adult woman should take in 46 grams of protein per day, while the average sedentary man should consume 56 grams per day. Since a two-ounce portion of turkey breast deli meat boasts approximately 13 grams of protein, as noted by Livestrong – a single sandwich can put you well on your way to attaining that daily consumption goal.

Why exactly is protein such an important part of your diet, though? As Nancy Waldeck, dietician at Thomas F. Chapman Family Cancer Wellness at Piedmont, explains, the human body doesn’t store protein — which means it’s up to us to ensure we’re getting our daily dose. “It is important for individuals to consume protein every day,” Waldeck revealed. She continued, saying, “Daily protein intake plays a role in keeping your cells in good shape and should be part of your daily health maintenance plan.” 

Eating deli meats every day could increase your risk of getting cancer

Your favorite deli meat sub sandwich from your grocery store’s deli counter might come with some serious health concerns. In fact, the World Health Organization has even classified these highly processed meats as “carcinogenic to humans.” 

While the reasons for deli meats’ cancer-causing properties are not entirely known, many health experts believe it has something to do with the meats’ nitrate content, as noted by EatingWell. “We know that when nitrites combine with the amines in meat, they create nitrosamines, which some studies have found to be carcinogenic,” Frances Largeman-Roth, R.D.N., told EatingWell

Furthermore, through an analysis of various studies, the World Health Organization “estimated that every 50 gram portion of processed meat eaten daily increases the risk of colorectal cancer by about 18%.” The IARC Working Group also found a possible increased risk for stomach cancers among people who eat deli meats every day, though the evidence was inconclusive (via the World Health Organization). So, while you might not have to give up deli meats entirely, you might want to seriously rethink your daily consumption. 

Eating deli meats every day increases your diabetes risk

Deli meat should probably be avoided if you don’t want to increase your chance of getting diabetes. 

A 2010 Harvard School of Public Health study found that consuming just 50 grams of processed meat (or a couple slices of deli meat) every day could increase one’s risk of getting diabetes by a whopping 19 percent. While sugars and carbohydrates are considered the biggest dietary variable in the eventual development of Type 2 diabetes, red meat has long been questioned as a potential factor. However, while researchers didn’t find an increased risk for diabetes among people who eat red meat every day, they did find that the nitrates used to preserve deli meats can actually lower one’s glucose tolerance — therefore increasing an individual’s risk for diabetes. 

Still, you shouldn’t worry too much about enjoying the more occasional cold-cut sub sandwich. Renata Micha, lead author of the Harvard study, said that consuming a single serving of deli meat each week yields a pretty low risk rate — so that turkey sub isn’t exactly the worst food to order from your favorite sandwich shop every now and then.

Daily deli meat consumption can increase your risk for developing heart disease

Eating deli meats every day could seriously impact your heart health, according to researchers.

According to a Harvard School of Public Health study, eating a few pieces of deli meats on a daily basis could be associated with a 42 percent increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. “When we looked at average nutrients in unprocessed red and processed meats eaten in the United States, we found that they contained similar average amounts of saturated fat and cholesterol,” lead study author Renata Micha revealed. She continued, saying, “In contrast, processed meats contained, on average, four times more sodium and 50% more nitrate preservatives.” 

According to the research, high levels of sodium in these preservatives could potentially drive up your blood pressure, a common and major factor contributing to heart disease. Additionally, deli meat is one of the worst foods for your cholesterol. Sorry to add insult to injury — but while you’re restricting your cold cut intake, you should probably go ahead and and limit the amount of bacon and hot dogs you eat, too. 

Eating deli meats every day helps your body get more vitamin B12

Deli meats may have the potential to wreak havoc on your health — but they aren’t without their nutritional benefits. 

In addition to being a good source of protein, your beloved deli meats are also giving you a healthy dose of vitamin B12, according to HealthLinkBC. As Dr. Robert H. Shmerling revealed on Harvard’s website, vitamin B12 is essential to red blood cell production. Without the vitamin, your body won’t be able to make enough red blood cells, leading to a condition called vitamin B12 deficiency anemia. And, as if that doesn’t sound bad enough, a vitamin B12 deficiency could affect nerve function in your extremities, brain, and spinal cord. “Because the human body cannot produce its own vitamin B12, we must consume it via our food or supplements,” Dr. Shmerling explained. 

Still, despite this vitamin Benefit (with a capital “B”), you should try to curb your cold cut habit as much as possible, as the cons generally add up faster than the pros. If you’re looking for a way to cut out deli meats while still getting your carnivorous fix, consider buying more unprocessed meats instead. 

Eating deli meats daily increases your risk of contracting listeria… so steer clear if you're pregnant

Add deli meats to the list of foods you shouldn’t eat while pregnant.

Unfortunately, cold cuts are pretty much the ultimate forbidden food when pregnant. You might be craving all sorts yummy processed meats when you’re expecting, but a ham and cheese sandwich or Italian sub are just two of the deli meat sandwiches you’ll need to avoid throughout those trying (and tempting) nine months. 

According to experts, eating cold deli meats seriously increases your chances of contracting listeria — a dangerous bacteria. “It’s important to understand that listeria itself is not a medical disease — but can cause a disease process,”  Dr. Runjhun Misra told NBC News, noting an infection caused by listeria is called “listeriosis.” As Dr. Meghan May told NBC News, pregnant women may mistake listeriosis for a particularly bad case of morning sickness; however, if they don’t get diagnosed, they could possibly pass the disease to their newborn child. “We worry about meningitis [in newborns] and also, when they’re taking their first breaths, they may contaminate their respiratory tract with listeria if the mother is infected,” Dr. May explained. 

You could see a spike in blood pressure if you eat deli meats every day

Eating deli meats every day could make your doctor raise her eyebrows at your blood pressure during your next check-up.

According to Healthline, a small portion of cold cuts contains approximately 500 mg of sodium. However, if you opt for a larger deli sandwich piled high with salty meats, and dressed with pickles, condiments, and flavorful fixings, your go-to deli sandwich could have more sodium than is recommended for a single day. Of course, you don’t have to be a doctor to know that consuming so much sodium on a daily basis will undoubtedly take a toll on your blood pressure.

According to Cleveland Clinic, excessive sodium consumption can lead to hypertension, which causes your blood vessels to narrow and stiffen. Since narrow, stiff blood vessels mean that blood and oxygen will have a harder time moving freely throughout the body, your heart picks up the slack by working harder to pump blood — subsequently causing elevated blood pressure. “Elevated blood pressure, particularly over a long period of time, puts an incredible strain on the heart,” Dr. Benico Barzilai explained to Cleveland Clinic. 

You'll consume an alarming amount of artificial ingredients when you eat deli meats every day

Deli meats are more than what meets the eye — and not in a good way.

Believe it or not, deli meats have a lot of extra junk in them — which is probably why the processed meats are among the foods healthy people never eat. Along with surprisingly high levels of sodium and potentially dangerous nitrates, a lot of packaged cold cuts are chock full of other bad-for-you additives and preservatives. As noted by Eat This, Not That!, many processed cold cut meats contain high fructose corn syrup and even artificial dyes — both things you’re probably not trying to eat on a regular basis. 

If you’re not familiar with high fructose corn syrup, you’re probably wondering exactly why you should care whether or not it’s in your sliced turkey. According to the American Heart Association, consuming too much high-fructose corn syrup (or too much of any sugar, really) often leads to weight gain or obesity — which, in turn, increases a person’s risk for heart disease and diabetes. 

Daily deli meat consumption could result in weight gain

Those deli meats could turn into extra unwanted pounds if you’re not careful. 

It may come as a surprise to find that some of your favorite deli meats are loaded with calories and fat. Salami, for example, has about 441 calories and 41 grams of fat (76 percent from saturated fats) in a 3.5 ounce serving, as noted by Livestrong. Needless to say, if you’re watching your waistline, you might want to steer clear of that salami sandwich completely. 

Of course, there are plenty of other processed meats that are just as laden with fat and calories. Fortunately, however, you don’t have to give up deli meats altogether; instead, you simply have to be more mindful about what you choose to eat. “Ham and turkey are both very lean,” Dr. Frances Largeman-Roth told EatingWell, advising consumers to “look for brands that don’t use antibiotics” and “opt for ones with no added sugar.” Still, getting a leaner meat won’t necessarily make your lunch healthy. If you are generously spreading on the mayonnaise and adding cheeses and other high-fat fixings, it’s safe to say you’re setting yourself up for disappointment.

Eating deli meats every day could make or break your keto diet

Some deli meats may be considered an acceptable protein if you’re trying to stick to the ever-popular keto diet. However, your favorite deli meat could be one of the foods that sabotage your diet.

A strict, low-carb, high-fat ketogenic diet will cause your body to enter ketosis — a metabolic state in which your body burns fat for energy and produces chemicals known as “ketones” to use as fuel (via WebMD). However, not all deli meats are acceptable for a keto-friendly diet. “Technically, cured meats and cold cuts are keto-friendly, as they are low in carbohydrates and high in fats and protein,” Dr. Anna Cabeca told People. She continued, explaining, “However, the source makes the difference. Some cold cuts are infused with gluten to keep them moist, and some meats also have artificial preservatives and sweeteners.”

According to Dr. Cabeca, these sugary additives have the potential to ruin your state of ketosis and significantly slow your weight loss journey. “Choose meats that are from free-range, grass-fed animals to the best of your ability,” the doctor and author of The Hormone Fix advised. 

Eating deli meats every day could be giving you bad breath

Eating deli meats every day could possibly have a negative impact on your dating life. Or, at the very least, the bad breath caused by various deli meats could dash your hopes of going on a second date with your Tinder match.

If you regularly eat cold cuts, you might want to pop a mint or a piece of chewing gum afterwards. As it turns out, eating a lot of high-protein foods could be a factor in developing foul-smelling breath. According to Cooking Light, when your digestive system breaks down meats, you produce ammonia; often resulting in quite an unpleasant odor escaping your mouth. 

A more common reason for stinky breath is the very normal bacteria residing on your gums and tongue and in between your teeth, according to WebMD. However, as Dr. Harold Katz told Express, “Providing bacteria with plenty of protein elevates their number and the amount of waste they produce. More waste invariably leads to bad breath.” 

You'll get a boost of energizing iron if you eat deli meats every day

Eating deli meats every day has plenty of downsides; however, that delicious cold cut sandwich could help boost your body’s iron levels. 

According to Rogel Cancer Center, iron is an incredibly important mineral and one of the parts of hemoglobin — a substance found in red blood cells that helps the blood transport vital oxygen throughout the entire body. Those who are iron deficient are at risk of developing anemia — a condition caused by the underproduction of red blood cells. Symptoms of anemia include fatigue, weakness, joint pain, irregular heartbeat, and shortness of breath, among others (via WebMD)

One easy thing you can do to boost your nutritional iron: eat roast beef. This deli meat is chock-full of the the must-have mineral, according to experts. “A 3-ounce serving of roast beef has 21 grams of protein and 6 grams of fat,” sports nutritionist Chris Rosenbloom revealed on He continued, explaining, “Twenty grams of protein is recommended as a recovery dose after a hard workout, so a roast beef sandwich is a tasty way to get replenishing protein.”

Eating deli meats every day could be hurting your complexion

Deli meats may be delicious, but your favorite sandwich could be causing your complexion to look less than radiant. 

According to Best Health, some skin experts believe that heavily processed food can lead to wrinkle-causing inflammation. “Inflammatory chemicals are essentially like acid rain on the [your skin’s] collagen,” Alan Logan, author of The Clear Skin Diet, told the magazine. 

Wrinkles might seem like a long-term consequence of cold cut consumption, but there are some other issues you might face after eating that $5 footlong. The high sodium and preservative content in cold cuts can make you retain water, and cause “swelling, and puffiness, particularly around the eyes,” dermatologist Rhonda Klein told The Daily Meal. You know what they say: You are what you eat — and unless you want your skin to look like a slice of salami, try limiting deli-meats to the occasional meal.

Eating deli meats every day can cause uncomfortable tummy troubles

Eating deli meats every day could be the culprit behind your tummy troubles.

If you find that you are experiencing regular stomach issues, such as bloating and an aching feeling, it might be time to reevaluate your daily cold cut consumption. These processed meats contain all sorts of ingredients and additives that can stir up stomach discomfort. According to Livestrong, one surprising potential reason for stomach pain after eating deli meats is the lactose found in many of your favorite cold cuts. For lactose intolerant individuals, this unexpected source of lactose can cause bloating and pain.

According to registered dietician, Amy Shapiro, the salt in deli meats is also a major factor in feeling bloated and uncomfortable after indulging in cold cuts. “Deli meats are often cured or use salts to preserve them and they often have salt injected into them to add flavor and tenderness,” Shapiro explained to Women’s Health, advising readers to opt for a “low-salt variety” or even buy a fresh rotisserie version of the meat instead.

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Led Zeppelin: Why You Hear Robert Plant's Vocals Echoing on 'Whole Lotta Love'

You can point to several landmark songs in the career of Led Zeppelin. In the early days, “Dazed and Confused” served as a showcase for the band’s explosiveness in live performances. And, later, “Kashmir” represented a high point for Zeppelin on several levels.

But you could argue “Whole Lotta Love” was the song that established Zep as an unstoppable force in rock ‘n’ roll. Between the epic Jimmy Page riff and theremin-fueled “freakout” section in the middle, the first track of Led Zeppelin II made quite a statement in 1969.

More than 50 years later, “Whole Lotta Love” still stands out for the gut-punch drums and other sounds Page and his engineers achieved in the studio. And by this point Zep fans are well aware of the track’s quirks, beginning with the vocals of Robert Plant.

Following an array of stereo pans and other effects, you hear the oddest thing at the 04:00 mark. While howling his “Wayyyyyy down inside, woman,” you actually hear Plant’s voice anticipate the lines he’s about to sing. It was a studio accident Page decided to leave on “Whole Lotta Love.”

You can hear Robert Plant pre-echo his lines late in ‘Whole Lotta Love’

RELATED: How the Beatles’ Producer Reacted After Recording Led Zeppelin

After the opening verses and freakout, Zep transitions to the latter part of the song with a thunderous drum part by John Bonham (around 3:00). Then Page enters the mix with one of his great solos. Once the band runs through another verse, it feels like the song is about to end.

But then the music cuts off and you hear what sounds like Plant’s voice singing in a studio next door. His faint “Way down inside” is followed by Plant’s full-throated “WAY DOWN INSIDE.” Then the same thing happens on the next line.

According to engineer Eddie Kramer (who mixed the album with Page), that happened because Plant recorded vocals on two different tracks. No matter how he tried to get rid of the second, fainter vocal on one of those tracks, Kramer couldn’t do it.

“Even when I turned the volume down all the way on the track we didn’t want, [Plant’s] powerful voice was bleeding through the console and onto the master,” Kramer told the Wall Street Journal in 2014. So he and Page decided to make the best of this “pre-echo.”

Jimmy Page and Eddie Kramer made the accident a feature of ‘Whole Lotta Love’

As Kramer recalled it, neither he nor Page fretted once they realized they couldn’t eliminate Plant’s second vocal. Instead, they both went for knobs on the studio console to make it sound better, making one another laugh in the process.

“Our instincts were the same: to douse the faint, intruding voice in reverb so it sounded part of the master plan,” Kramer told WSJ. For Page, it represented exactly the sort of thing he looked for while producing Zeppelin.

“Robert’s faraway voice sounded otherworldly, like a spirit anticipating the vocal he was about to deliver,” Page told the Journal. “I hadn’t heard anything like that before and loved it.”

Mixed in with the echoes, panning, and other studio effects you hear on the song, many listeners simply assumed Page planned to put it on the record that way. That certainly wasn’t the case at first.

RELATED: ‘When the Levee Breaks’: How Jimmy Page Recorded John Bonham’s Epic Drum Part

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You can easily forget why you’re getting married when planning a wedding – no Big Day might be no bad thing – The Sun

THIS weekend, I was supposed to be at a wedding. But, sadly, socially-distanced conga lines don’t really work so, like millions of other disappointed couples, my friends have had to cancel. In New York, brides and grooms are saying “I do” on Zoom, which certainly makes doing the table plan a lot easier.

While I’m gutted for everyone who can’t celebrate in the way they’d planned, banning big weddings might be no bad thing. In recent times, weddings have become giddy spectacles, sometimes years in the making.

The average Big Day now costs more than £30,000 and often includes a punishing pre-wedding personal training regime, plastic surgery and more stress than your actual full-time job.

The result is that it’s all too easy to lose sight of why you’re getting married in the first place. And I should know. Less than a year after my wedding day, I was getting divorced. I spent so long compiling playlists and choosing poetry readings, but very little time and energy thinking about what married life would be like afterwards.

When we first got engaged, I thought I didn’t want all the fuss of a big wedding (no sugared almonds and choreographed first dances here, thanks). But soon I was booking a choir and a coffee van, and forking out more than I earn in a month on a dress I’d only wear once.

Friends and family all had an opinion, and I quickly discovered that if you add the word “wedding” to ordinary items – cakes, dresses, flowers – then you can also add a zero to the price. No wonder the wedding industry is worth £10billion.

It’s hard to say why weddings have become so removed from reality. Partly, it’s the intensity of social media. When you know yours will be tagged and viewed and judged by more people than you invited, it goes from Big Day to Big Deal.

Some people have pointed to extravagant celeb weddings as the reason for this trend – if Kim and Kanye’s multi-destination affair cost a reported £9million, surely you can splash out on a food truck or flower arch?

As more of us up the stakes with our special days, we only pile on more pressure to have The Best Day Of Our Lives™.

And I wasn’t the first bride-to-be to get carried away. Irritatingly – among heterosexual couples – the planning seems to fall on the woman.

Perhaps it’s because so many nuptial traditions are rooted in misogyny – your dad “giving you away”, a white dress to symbolise virginity – that we barely recognise how sexist it is to expect women to sort every detail.

A friend recently confided that her husband felt left out of their wedding planning. Another said she couldn’t even enjoy her wedding because she was so stressed about everything going perfectly.

Although I loved every minute of mine, I wish my ex-husband and I had spent some of that spiralling wedding budget on some pre-marriage counselling.

We are the proof that a great wedding doesn’t always equal a great marriage.

In fact, a study from Emory University found that the more expensive the wedding, the more likely a couple are to split.

So if your wedding’s been corona-cancelled and you have to throw a smaller bash at a later date, don’t lose heart.

A wedding should be about just the two of you. And I don’t mean you and your wedding planner.

  • Follow Kate on Instagram @Katewillswrites.

This Week I'm…

Following… @BestPosture

Tweets every 30 minutes to remind you to sit up straight. Useful for WFH-ers.

Ordering… Field & Flower

These tasty boxes of ethically sourced meat, fish and cheese support local farmers.

Watching… Becoming

The Michelle Obama documentary on Netflix is the “we go high” inspiration we need right now.



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Can you guess the celebrity behind the face mask?

First of all, let’s give a round of applause to all the celebrities who have been doing their bit to practice safety while coronavirus continues to kick about, by donning face masks.

Honestly, real talk, we can only hope they’ve encouraged more and more people to play it safe by showing off how stylishly fabulous one can look with a fabric sheath on one’s face.

Secondly, seeing as all the shots floating about bring an air of hilarity to the art of photographing famous people in public during a pandemic, shall we have a laugh at how our appetite for star snaps continues to thrive amid lockdown?

From those iconic shots of Ben Affleck kissing girlfriend Ana De Armas through their face masks, to the rather stylish stars, such as Margot Robbie, who wear bandanas to shield from Covid-19 as best they can, celebrities certainly haven’t been letting a global medical emergency keep them inside.

So, while you wait for your next Zoom meeting to start, why don’t you test your knowledge of celebrity foreheads to see if you can correctly identify each celebrity behind the mask.

Because if we can’t laugh at this – what else have we got?

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Big quiz: Can you name these multiple Premier League winners?

Who knows when – indeed if – the 2019-20 Premier League season will be concluded.

It’s all up in the air. So while we wait to add some names to the list of Premier League-winning players, let’s test your knowledge of those who have lifted the trophy before.

Since 1992-93 128 players have won the Premier League more than once.

We’ve given you their nationality, the team(s) they were successful with and an added clue as well.

You have 30 minutes – go!

Can you name the multiple Premier League champions?

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Why you should ALWAYS use liquid laundry detergent instead of powder

Why you should ALWAYS use liquid detergent: Mother reveals what really happens to your washing machine if you clean your clothes with laundry powder

  • An Australian woman has shared some advice she received from a technician  
  • A washing machine technician explained everyone should use liquid detergent 
  • He claims the powder form gradually builds clumps in the pipes of the machine  
  • Experts raised the issues and discussed other factors that may cause problems 

A mother has revealed what really happens to your washing machine if you clean your clothes with laundry powder instead of liquid detergent. 

The Australian woman shared some helpful advice she received from a washing machine technician who explained one vital difference between powder and liquid detergents.

She was told powder detergent gradually forms clumps in the machine, leading to issues later down the track.

An Australian woman has shared some helpful advice she received from a washing machine technician who explained one vital difference between powder and liquid detergent

‘I had to get my washing machine fixed and the call-out guy said that my problems were caused from using laundry powder, that is was blocking the pipes in my machine,’ the mum said on Facebook.

‘He said over time, the powder hadn’t broken down properly and the clumps had built up and caused a blockage.

‘He told me that he always tells people to use liquid detergent because it’s easier on the system and your pipes won’t get clogged up.’   

The experts from Canstar Blue elaborated on the topic of interest online, discussing which from of detergent is better.

‘For the most cost-effective everyday laundry that gets the job done, laundry powder is perfectly fine,’ they wrote.

‘The main drawbacks for powders are suitability for delicate fabrics, and concerns about white residue left on dark fabrics.

‘This is where liquid proves a clear winner’.

‘Despite powder being an overall stronger performer, many people choose liquid for the convenience factor plus concerns about powder leaving a build-up inside the washing machine.’

‘He said over time, the powder hadn’t broken down properly [in the washing machine] and the clumps had built up and caused a blockage,’ she said 

Australian consumer company CHOICE also said washing clothes at the right temperature is essential in addition to using a decent washing detergent.

‘Washing in cold water is a great way to reduce your energy consumption and save yourself some cash,’ they said.

‘But it can also lead to a waxy film building up inside your washing machine – especially if you use a fabric softener.’  

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Why you shouldn't wear slippers while you're working from home

You might want to give your working-from-home uniform – sweatpants on the bottom, Zoom-appropriate on top, slippers on feet – a tweak.

An expert has warned against wearing slippers day-in, day-out while working from home, suggesting your indoor shoes could damage your posture, pain, and overall health.

Eleanor Burt, also known as Posture Ellie, is a posture alignment therapist. She tells that going barefoot is the best thing you can do for your feet in lockdown.

She explains: ‘While slippers will certainly cause you fewer problems than the restrictive, supportive and heeled shoes most people wear most of the time (the majority of ‘normal’ high street shoes and trainers are all three of these things), slippers still serve a role in switching off the muscles and proprioceptors of the feet. This contributes to lazier and less balanced feet.

‘This essentially means the foundations of your body are off and this then feeds up the rest of the body and impacts how the rest of your body moves too.

‘We are all very indoctrinated into the rhetoric that our feet ‘need support’ and ‘need protection’, but actually by supporting and protecting our feet, we create extremely weak, stiff feet that don’t move as they are designed to.

‘This really has a significant impact that shouldn’t be scoffed at.

‘You know when you see older people shuffling around in their slippers, barely able to lift their feet off the floor? A big contributor to that will have been their footwear choices (and chair sitting).’

Ellie recommends being barefoot as much as you can – a change that’s far easier to try out while we’re working at home rather than in an office, where kicking off your shoes might not win you many fans.

‘If your body can comfortably cope with being barefoot, be barefoot as much as you can… especially whilst you are working from home and don’t have the same social obligations as in normal life where bare feet might not be appropriate,’ she says.

‘Being barefoot allows your feet to actually have to work … to sense the ground beneath them, read temperature and importantly, MOVE.

‘There are 33 joints in the foot and nearly 25% of all the bones in the human body. When these guys can’t move properly, you can have issues all over your body.

‘I cannot reiterate enough how important functional feet are to the function of your whole body.

‘I spend a lot of my time with clients trying to unlock stiff feet and undo years of damage from restrictive shoes. Their pain doesn’t even present at their feet, it can be in random places anywhere in the body, so they don’t necessarily see the connection between their pain and their feet… until they start waking up their feet and their back/neck/shoulder pain starts going down.’

Slippers aren’t the sole cause of all foot pain and posture issues, of course.

Going barefoot won’t do much to benefit your body if you’re not up and about and staying active.

As well as ditching the shoes as much as you can during the day, use this time in lockdown to undo problems with posture and movement. Make sure to get up and potter about every few hours, stop hunching over your laptop in bed, and make the most of your daily exercise allowance by getting outside to run or walk.

‘If you wear shoes all day for work, being barefoot at home is the perfect time to allow your feet to breathe and move,’ Ellie tells us. ‘If you only wear slippers at home, you won’t allow them to do this.

‘As the weather is getting better and temperature isn’t an issue, use this time. For most of ‘shoe history’, shoes served the purpose to protect against the elements and from damage, they didn’t alter movement patterns or deform the feet. Now the weather is better, ask yourself if you really need to be wearing shoes or slippers, or is it merely habit?

‘Now is the time to focus on waking up your feet, re-building flattened arches (not by propping them up with orthotics – through exercises) and getting your toes to move independently of one another (yes, it’s possible!).

‘The best way to look after your posture whilst working from home is by moving every joint in your body in as many ways as possible, as often as you can. Think to yourself, have I moved my ankle today? Have I externally rotated both my hips? Have I extended my spine?

‘If you don’t keep each joint in your body lubricated through their full range of movement, this will cause you issues as the years go on.’

Do you have a story to share? Get in touch by emailing [email protected]

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What’s the deal with Feet Week?

Feet Week is a week dedicated entirely to feet… as the name probably gives away.

We figured we could all do with something to occupy our minds during the pandemic – and what better topic than feet?

From 4 May to 10 May you can find articles on everything feet, from what it actually takes to be a foot model to what it’s like to be a pro toe wrestler.

You can read all our Feet Week content right here.

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All The Secrets & Lies You Need To Remember From ‘Dead To Me’ Season 1

Grab your glass of chardonnay and your golf club and get ready to smash some windshields, ’cause the "white wine vigilante" and her twisted bestie are coming back to screen. That means it’s also time to recap Dead To Me Season 1, because there’s a lot to remember before hitting play on Season 2.

The story begins with a meet-cute between Jen Harding (Applegate) and Judy Hale (Linda Cardellini) at a grief support group. Jen is mourning her husband, Ted, who was recently killed in a hit-and-run while jogging. Judy is supposedly mourning the loss of her fiancé, Steve. The unlikely duo hit it off and become fast friends, chatting on the phone late at night and driving around town scoping out cars that look like they might have been involved in a hit-and-run. But everything’s not what it seems with Judy…

Here’s what else went down in the 10-episode first season.

1. Jen Harding

Jen quickly learns that — to her astonishment — Judy’s fiancé Steve is alive and well. Horrified at her new friend’s deception, she cuts off all contact. But Judy shows up at the support group to explain: she did technically "lose" her fiancé: he left her after a series of miscarriages, which is the real loss that she’s mourning. Feeling bad for her, Jen invites Judy live in her family guest house (and Ted’s former studio).

2. Judy Hale

Judy’s reason for being at the support group isn’t the only thing she’s lying about, unfortunately. Meeting Jen wasn’t an accident: Judy was the driver who hit Ted, albeit accidentally. Overwhelmed with guilt, Judy then sought out her victim’s spouse, but was unable to tell her the truth. Eventually, Judy learns that Jen blames herself for Ted’s death: the couple had a fight the night he was killed, which is why he left his house for a run in the middle of the night. To clear her friend’s conscience, Judy admits to killing Ted — and a furious Jen kicks her out.

3. Nick Prager

Before Judy admitted the truth, she and Jen went to a grief retreat, where Judy met and struck up a relationship with a man named Nick. After learning that her friend’s new boyfriend was a detective, Jen asked Nick if he would investigate her husband’s death. Jen then receives a piece of the car wreckage from the young girl who discovered Ted’s body, and Nick is able to trace the part to a 1966 Mustang, greatly narrowing the focus of the search.

4. Ana Perez

Detective Perez is the officer officially in charge of the investigation. Judy comes to her to turn Steve in for laundering money for the Greek mafia through his art gallery. While searching Steve’s storage locker for evidence, Perez sees a conspicuous oil stain indicating a car had once been stored. After Judy confesses the truth to Jen, Jen goes to turn her former friend in — but Perez says a confession to a civilian isn’t sufficient evidence, and isn’t willing to jeopardize Judy’s role as a witness in Steve’s money laundering case.

5. Charlie & Henry Harding

Meanwhile, Jen has plenty of family issues to deal with as well. She learns that Ted was carrying on an affair with a waitress named Bambi at the time of his death. Needing money, she’s forced to ask for a loan from her overbearing mother-in-law, Lorna. Her youngest son, Henry, is convinced that his father’s spirit is living in a bird that comes to visit him. And her oldest son, Charlie, is dealing drugs he’d stolen from his dad’s medicine cabinet — and is also caught with a gun in his backpack that he stole from Lorna. Jen takes the gun from Charlie and stashes it in the safe in Ted’s studio.

6. Steve Wood

Judy’s fiancé may be handsome, but he’s also a criminal and a narcissistic asshole. After confessing the truth to Jen, Judy empties Steve’s bank account (which contains the Greek mafia’s laundered money) to give it to her best friend as an apology — and then plans to die by suicide. Steve shows up at Jen’s house looking for the money, and in the middle of their confrontation, reveals that he was also in the car when Judy hit Ted. Jen realizes the truth: kind-hearted Judy never would have driven away from Ted and left him for dead if the manipulative Steve hadn’t forced her to.

Before she is able to die by suicide, Judy receives a call from Jen asking her to come over. Judy arrives at Jen’s house and finds Steve’s body floating in her friend’s pool. Jen is standing over him, holding the gun from Ted’s safe.

Did Jen shoot Steve when she learned the truth about his role in Ted’s death? Did one of her boys, who have both been acting out lately, kill him to protect their mom? Did the Greek mafia show up looking for their missing money? What will Jen and Judy do next? Find out when Dead To Me Season 2 premieres on Friday, May 8.

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